All About In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
An important first step seeking infertility treatment through IVF is understanding ‘What is IVF?’
What is in IVF?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) by which a woman’s eggs are extracted from her ovaries, united with semen from a partner or donor, and the resulting embryos are transferred to the uterus for implantation (pregnancy). There are five steps involved in the completion of one IVF cycle:
1. Ovulation Induction: Medications are used to help stimulate the release of mature eggs (oocytes) to follicles in the ovary.
2. Retrieval: Once the ovaries have produced mature follicles, an in-office retrieval procedure is performed under light anesthesia to remove the eggs by way of an ultrasound guided needle. The follicles, which house the eggs and surrounding fluid, are aspirated into a tube that is given to the embryology lab for fertilization. The embryologist assesses the eggs for maturity and incubates them.
Minimal risks are associated with the procedure itself but post-operative cramping is common. Recovery time is generally short – one to one and a half hours.
3. Sperm Collection/Preparation: If fresh sperm is used, the male partner is asked to provide a semen sample. Donor sperm may also be used through prior arrangement. The specimen is washed to isolate the more motile sperm.
4. Embryo Culture: The resulting sperm specimen is then placed into the dish containing the eggs along with a special growth media containing nutrients that allow them to live outside the body. Once the egg is fertilized by the sperm, it becomes an embryo which grows and divides in the lab for two to five days.
5. Transfer: The embryos are assessed for quality and the most viable are selected for transfer to the uterus. The transfer will seem very similar to a pap smear for the woman. There is no pain involved and no sedatives are required.
The number of embryos transferred depends on your age, medical condition and the quality of the embryos. Transferring fewer embryos reduces the risk of high order multiple pregnancy (triplets or more). However, Dr. Brown will consult with each patient individually to decide together the appropriate number of embryos used in transfer.
Our doctors provide the level of personalized care that is ideal when pursuing such customized treatments as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Call Brown Fertility today at 904-260-0352 to begin IVF in Jacksonville, FL.
What is minimal stimulation IVF?
Minimal Stimulation in vitro fertilization involves the same approach and procedures as traditional IVF, but with fewer drugs and injections. For those women who are considered good candidates, minimal stimulation IVF is an ideal treatment option.
If you are interested in IVF, we invite you to read more about ideal IVF candidates. Brown Fertility has exceptional IVF success rates. Request an appointment online today. Or call us in Jacksonville at (904) 260-0352 and in Orlando at (407) 244-5515.